Epigenetic and Transcriptional Variability Shape Phenotypic Plasticity
Rights accessOpen Access
European Commisision's projectMultipleMS - Multiple manifestations of genetic and non-genetic factors in Multiple Sclerosis disentangled with a multi-omics approach to accelerate personalised medicine (EC-H2020-733161)
Epigenetic and transcriptional variability contribute to the vast diversity of cellular and organismal phenotypes and are key in human health and disease. In this review, we describe different types, sources, and determinants of epigenetic and transcriptional variability, enabling cells and organisms to adapt and evolve to a changing environment. We highlight the latest research and hypotheses on how chromatin structure and the epigenome influence gene expression variability. Further, we provide an overview of challenges in the analysis of biological variability. An improved understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying epigenetic and transcriptional variability, at both the intra- and inter-individual level, provides great opportunity for disease prevention, better therapeutic approaches, and personalized medicine.
CitationEcker, S. [et al.]. Epigenetic and Transcriptional Variability Shape Phenotypic Plasticity. "BioEssays", 18 Desembre 2017, vol. 40, núm. 2.