Assessment of LTCC-based dielectric flat lens antennas and switched-beam arrays for future 5G millimeter-wave communication systems
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IEEE This paper presents design, LTCC fabrication, and full experimental verification of novel dielectric flat lens antennas for future high data rate 5G wireless communication systems in the 60 GHz band. We introduce and practically completely evaluate and compare the performance of three different inhomogeneous gradient-index dielectric lenses with the effective parameters circularly and cylindrically distributed. These lenses, despite their planar profile antenna configuration, allow full 2-D beam-scanning of high gain radiation beams. A time-domain spectroscopy system is used to practically evaluate the permittivity profile achieved with the LTCC manufacturing process, obtaining very good results to confirm the viability of fabricating inhomogeneous flat lenses in a mass production technology. Then, the lenses performance is evaluated in terms of radiation pattern parameters, maximum gain, beam-scanning, bandwidth performance, efficiencies, and impedance matching in the whole frequency band of interest. Finally, the performance of the three lenses is also experimentally evaluated and compared to a single omni-directional antenna and to a 10-element uniform linear array (ULA) of omni-directional antennas in real 60 GHz WPAN indoor line-of-sight (LOS) and obstructed-LOS environments, obtaining interesting and promising remarkable results in terms of measured received power and root mean square (RMS) delay spread. At the end of the paper, an innovative switched-beam antenna array concept based on the presented cylindrically distributed effective parameters lens is also introduced and completely evaluated, confirming the potential applicability of the proposed antenna solution for future 5G wireless millimeter-wave communication system.
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CitationImbert, M., Romeu, J., Baquero, M., Martinez, M., Molina-Garcia, J., Jofre, L. Assessment of LTCC-based dielectric flat lens antennas and switched-beam arrays for future 5G millimeter-wave communication systems. "IEEE transactions on antennas and propagation", 30 Octubre 2017, vol. 65, núm. 12, p. 6453-6473.