User association strategies in HetNets leading to rate balancing under energy constraints
Rights accessOpen Access
European Commisision's projectTUCAN3G - Wireless technologies for isolated rural communities in developing countries based on cellular 3G femtocell deployments (EC-FP7-601102)
NEWCOM# - Network of Excellence in Wireless COMmunications # (EC-FP7-318306)
CLOMMUNITY - A Community networking Cloud in a box (EC-FP7-317879)
This paper deals with the development of several strategies for associating users to base stations (BSs) in heterogeneous networks. These strategies are able to balance the rate among users and BSs and increase the overall network utility. Constraints related to the energy availability at BSs are considered explicitly in the design, assuming that the BSs are equipped with batteries that are recharged through energy harvesting. We develop a general association strategy, and then we present several suboptimum but less complex solutions suitable for scenarios with high mobility or deployments of BSs with low computational capabilities. We also present an implementation that is to be executed in a distributed way among users and BSs without the need of having a central entity gathering all the information. The performance of the proposed strategies is evaluated through simulations in terms of rate balancing and the effect of the energy harvesting capabilities on the network throughput is shown. We also compare the proposed strategies with the traditional max-SINR user association approach.
CitationRubio, J., Pascual Iserte, A., Del Olmo, J., Vidal, J. User association strategies in HetNets leading to rate balancing under energy constraints. "Eurasip journal on wireless communication and networking", Desembre 2017, vol. 2017, núm. 204, p. 1-20.