Cost-effective spatial super-channel allocation in Flex-Grid/MCF optical core networks
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Space Division Multiplexing (SDM) is a key technology to cope with the bandwidth limitations of single mode fibers. Multi-Core Fibers (MCFs) are considered as a promising candidate technology to implement SDM, due to their low inter-core crosstalk (ICXT), experimentally proven in laboratory prototypes. Among the different channel allocation options making use of the newly enabled space dimension, the so-called spatial super-channel (Spa-SCh) is the most likely solution to be implemented, given the inherent cost reduction of the joint-switching operation (i.e., jointly switching a spectrum portion in all MCF cores at once). This work targets the cost-effective Spa-SCh allocation over MCF-enabled Flex-Grid optical core networks. To this goal, state-of-the-art 22-core MCFs are assumed, although the proposed solutions are applicable to any MCF type. In particular, we propose and evaluate a partial-core assignment as a cost-effective strategy to improve spectrum utilization and save Capital Expenditure (CapEx) costs by minimizing the number of optical transceivers used per Spa-SCh. Numerical results reveal that reductions up to 44% and 33% in the number of active transceivers in the network can be obtained in national- and continental-wide backbone networks, respectively, without affecting the network Grade-of-Service (GoS), measured in terms of Bandwidth Blocking Probability (BBP). To evaluate the impact of the ICXT, we also compare the performance of the MCF scenarios under study against equivalent Multi-Fiber (MF) ones. From the obtained results, ICXT in MCF scenarios requires the utilization of less efficient modulation formats, which reduces the admissible offered network load by up to 17% for a 1% BBP target. Furthermore, this lower spectral efficiency also demands an increase of the symbol rate per sub-channel up to a 26%, a key indicator of the modulator electronic complexity.
CitationRumipamba, R., Perelló, J., Gene, J. M., Spadaro, S. Cost-effective spatial super-channel allocation in Flex-Grid/MCF optical core networks. "Optical switching and networking", 1 Gener 2018, vol. 27, p. 93-101.