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dc.contributor.authorKhayet, M.
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-30T11:20:16Z
dc.date.available2017-10-30T11:20:16Z
dc.date.issued2015-10-19
dc.identifier.isbn978-94-944-244-8-9
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/109387
dc.description.abstractDifferent surface modification techniques such as coating, radiation graft polymerization and plasma polymerization are used to modify the structural characteristics and chemical properties of different types of membranes. In general, these techniques involve more steps during the fabrication line of membranes increasing their cost and changing the physical structure of their surface (e.g. change of the pore shape reducing its size or even closing it). In this study we propose the use of surface modifying macromolecules (SMMs) that can migrate to the air/membrane interface during its fabrication changing its surface chemistry while leaving its bulk properties intact. The SMMs were synthesized by a two-step solution polymerization method and characterized by different techniques analyzing their fluorine content, molecular weights, polydispersity, glass transition temperature, etc. Composite hydrophobic/hydrophilic polymeric membranes of different structures (i.e. porous, dense, flat sheet and hollow fiber membranes) and different characteristics were prepared. Attempts are made to fabricate SMMs modified electrospun nanofibrous membranes. During membrane formation, the SMMs migrate to the air/membrane interface because of their low Gibbs free energy compared to the host hydrophilic polymer. Following this method, modified membranes can be prepared in only one step instead of two (i.e. membrane fabrication and then modification) employing a polymer solution containing the host hydrophilic polymer and the SMMs. Based on different SMMs characterization techniques such as X-ray photoelectron microscopy (XPS), water contact angle measurements and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)+energy dispersion spectrometry (EDS), it was confirmed that the surface of the SMM electrospun modified nanofibrous membranes was enriched with fluorine groups.
dc.format.extent12 p.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherCIMNE
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Matemàtiques i estadística::Anàlisi numèrica::Mètodes en elements finits
dc.subject.lcshFinite element method
dc.subject.lcshAir-supported structures
dc.subject.otherMembrane
dc.subject.otherSurface modification
dc.subject.otherPolymer
dc.subject.otherHollow fiber
dc.subject.otherNanofiber
dc.subject.otherPhase inversion
dc.subject.otherDry/jet wet spinning
dc.subject.otherElectrospinning
dc.titleEffects of surface modifying macromolecules on the structural characteristics of different structured and nanofibrous membranes
dc.typeConference lecture
dc.subject.lemacEstructures pneumàtiques
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
upcommons.citation.contributorStructural Membranes 2015
upcommons.citation.pubplaceBarcelona
upcommons.citation.publicationNameTextiles composites and inflatable structures VII : proceedings of the VII International Conference on Textile Composites and Inflatable Structures, Barcelona, Spain. 19-21 October, 2015
upcommons.citation.startingPage512
upcommons.citation.endingPage523


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