Self-heating and other reversible phenomena in cyclic testing of bituminous materials
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This paper's objective is to evaluate the reversible phenomena that take place when asphalt materials are subjected to cyclic loads, i.e., self-heating and thixotropy. A strain sweep test was adapted to capture the stiffness variation of binders with the change in strain amplitude. The evolution of the internal temperature of the binder during the test was measured. Results show that the temperature can increase very significantly during cyclic testing and can account for a great part of all stiffness reduction captured during the test at different strain amplitudes. These results led to the conclusion that internal heating should be very important in asphalt mixtures as well. For that reason two types of time sweep tests were performed on the same mixture, with the introduction of rest periods in one of them long enough to let the inside temperature of the material lower after cycling. The results showed that the specimen that was allowed to cool down did not experience any loss of stiffness, while the specimen submitted to the conventional time sweep test failed in a few cycles. These results show the importance of the sequencing of loading and discourage the application of the Miner's law to estimate pavement life.
CitationBotella, R., Perez, F., Riahi, E., López-Montero, T., Miro, R., Martinez, A. Self-heating and other reversible phenomena in cyclic testing of bituminous materials. "Construction & building materials", Desembre 2017, vol. 156, p. 809-818.