Ferroelectrics as smart mechanical materials
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The mechanical properties of materials are insensitive to space inversion, even when they are crystallographically asymmetric. In practice, this means that turning a piezoelectric crystal upside down or switching the polarization of a ferroelectric should not change its mechanical response. Strain gradients, however, introduce an additional source of asymmetry that has mechanical consequences. Using nanoindentation and contact-resonance force microscopy, this study demonstrates that the mechanical response to indentation of a uniaxial ferroelectric (LiNbO3) does change when its polarity is switched, and use this mechanical asymmetry both to quantify its flexoelectricity and to mechanically read the sign of its ferroelectric domains.
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Cordero, K., Domingo Marimon, Neus, Abdollahi, A., Sort Viñas, Jordi, Catalan, G. Ferroelectrics as smart mechanical materials. "Advanced materials", 21 Juliol 2017, vol. 29, núm. 37, p. 1-6, which has been published in final form at DOI: 10.1002/adma.201702210. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
CitationCordero, K., Domingo Marimon, Neus, Abdollahi, A., Sort Viñas, Jordi, Catalan, G. Ferroelectrics as smart mechanical materials. "Advanced materials", 21 Juliol 2017, vol. 29, núm. 37, p. 1-6.