A Kalman-filter approach for dynamic OD estimation in corridors based on bluetooth and Wi-Fi data collection
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From the point of view of the information supplied by an ATIS to the motorists entering a freeway of one of the most relevant is the Forecasted Travel Time, that is the expected travel time that they will experience when traverse a freeway segment. From the point of view of ATMS, the dynamic estimates of time dependencies in OD matrices is a major input to dynamic traffic models used for estimating the current traffic state and forecasting its short term evolution. Travel Time Forecasting and Dynamic OD Estimation are thus two key components of ATIS/ATMS and the quality of the results that they could provide depend not only on the quality of the models but also on the accuracy and reliability of the measurements of traffic variables supplied by the detection technology. The quality and reliability of the measurements produced by traditional technologies, as inductive loop detectors, is not usually the required by real-time applications, therefore one wonders what could be expected from the new ICT technologies, as for example Automatic Vehicle Location, License Plate Recognition, detection of mobile devices and so on. A simulation experiment is proposed prior to deploy the technology for a pilot project. The simulation emulates the logging and time stamping of a sample of equipped vehicles providing real-time estimates of travel times for the whole population of vehicles and OD pattern of the equipped vehicles are considered real-time estimates of the dynamic OD pattern for the whole population of vehicles. The main objective of this paper is to explore the quality of the data produced by the Bluetooth and Wi-Fi detection of mobile devices equipping vehicles to estimate time dependent OD matrices. Ad hoc procedures based on Kalman Filtering have been designed and implemented successfully and the numerical results of the computational experiments are presented and discussed.
CitacióBarcelo, J. [et al.]. A Kalman-filter approach for dynamic OD estimation in corridors based on bluetooth and Wi-Fi data collection. A: 12th World Conference on Transportation Research WCTR, 2010. "12th World Conference on Transportation Research WCTR, 2010". Lisboa: 2010.