Analysis of derivative control based virtual inertia in multi-area high-voltage direct current interconnected power systems
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Due to increasing level of power converter-based component and consequently the lack of inertia, automatic generation control (AGC) of interconnected systems is experiencing different challenges. To cope with this challenging issue, a derivative control-based virtual inertia for simulating the dynamic effects of inertia emulations by HVDC (high-voltage direct current) interconnected systems is introduced and reflected in the multi-area AGC system. Derivative control technique is used for higher level applications of inertia emulation. The virtual inertia will add an additional degree of freedom to the system dynamics which makes a considerable improvement on first overshoot responses in addition to damping characteristics of HVDC links. Complete trajectory sensitivities are used to analyse the effects of virtual inertia and derivative control gains on the system stability. The effectiveness of the proposed concept on dynamic improvements is tested through Matlab simulation of two-area test system for different contingencies.
CitationRakhshani, E., Remon, D., Cantarellas, A.M., Rodriguez, P. Analysis of derivative control based virtual inertia in multi-area high-voltage direct current interconnected power systems. "IET generation, transmission and distribution", 12 Maig 2016, vol. 10, núm. 6, p. 1458-1469.
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