A methodology to discover and understand complex patterns: interpreted integrative multiview clustering (I2MC)
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The main goal of this work is to develop a methodology for finding nutritional patterns from a variety of individual characteristics which can contribute to better understand the interactions between nutrition and health, provided that the complexity of the phenomenon gives poor performance using classical approaches. An innovative methodology based on a combination of advanced clustering techniques and consistent conceptual interpretation of clusters is proposed to find more understandable patterns or clusters. The Interpreted Integrative Multiview Clustering (I2MC) combines the previously proposed Integrative Multiview Clustering (IMC) with a new interpretation methodology NCIMS. IMC uses crossing operations over the several partitions obtained with the different views. Comparison with other classical clustering techniques is provided to assess the performance of this approach. IMC helps to reduce the high dimensionality of the data based on multiview division of variables. Two innovative Cluster Interpretation methodologies are proposed to support the understanding of the clusters. These are automatic methods to detect the significant variables that describe the clusters; also, a mechanism to deal with the consistency between the interpretations inter clusters of a single partition CI-IMS, or between pairs of nested partitions NCIMS. Some formal concepts are specifically introduced to be used in the NCIMS. I2MC is used to validate the interpretability of the participant’s profiles from an intervention nutritional study. The method has advantages to deal with complex datasets including heterogeneous variables corresponding to different topics and is able to provide meaningful partitions.
CitationSevilla-Villanueva, Beatriz, Gibert, Karina, Sànchez-Marrè, M. A methodology to discover and understand complex patterns: interpreted integrative multiview clustering (I2MC). "Pattern recognition letters", 10 Febrer 2017, vol. 93, p. 85-94.