Regenerating bone via multifunctional coatings: the blending of cell integration and bacterial inhibition properties on the surface of biomaterials
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In dentistry and orthopedics, it is well accepted that implant fixation is a major goal. However, an emerging concern is bacterial infection. Infection of metallic implants can be catastrophic and significantly reduce patient quality of life. Accordingly, in this work, we focus on multifunctional coatings to simultaneously address and mitigate both these problems. We have developed a tailor-made peptide-based chemical platform that integrates the well-known RGD cell adhesive sequence and the lactoferrin-derived LF1-11 antimicrobial peptide. The platform was covalently grafted on titanium via silanization and the functionalization process characterized by contact angle, XPS, and QCM-D. The presence of the platform statistically improved the adhesion, proliferation and mineralization of osteoblast-like cells compared to control surfaces. At the same time, colonization by representative bacterial strains was significantly reduced on the surfaces. Furthermore, the biological potency of the multifunctional platform was verified in a co-culture in vitro model. Our findings demonstrate that this multifunctional approach can be useful to functionalize biomaterials to both improve cell integration and reduce the risk of bacterial infection.
CitationHoyos, M., Velasco, F., Ginebra, M.P., Manero, J., Gil, J., Mas-Moruno, C. Regenerating bone via multifunctional coatings: the blending of cell integration and bacterial inhibition properties on the surface of biomaterials. "ACS applied materials and interfaces", 5 Juliol 2017, vol. 9, núm. 26, p. 21618-21630.