Joint user scheduling, precoder design, and transmit direction selection in MIMO TDD small cell networks
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New short-length single-direction frame structures are proposed for 5G time division duplex (TDD) systems, where the transmit direction [i.e., either downlink (DL) or uplink (UL)] can be independently chosen at each cell in every frame. Accordingly, high flexibility is provided to match the per-cell DL/UL traffic asymmetries and full exploitation of dynamic TDD is allowed. As a downside, interference management becomes crucial. In this regard, this paper proposes a procedure for dynamic TDD in dense multiple-input multiple-output small cell networks, where the transmit direction selected per small cell (SC) is dynamically optimized together with the user scheduling and transmit precoding. We focus on the maximization of a general utility function that takes into account the DL/UL traffic asymmetries of each user and the interference conditions in the network. Although the problem is non-convex, it is decomposed thanks to the interference-cost concept and then efficiently solved in parallel. Simulation results show gains in DL and UL average rates for different traffic asymmetries and SC/user densities as compared to existing dynamic TDD schemes thanks to the proposed joint optimization. The gains become more significant when there is high interference and limited number of antennas.
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CitationLagen, S., Agustin, A., Vidal, J. Joint user scheduling, precoder design, and transmit direction selection in MIMO TDD small cell networks. "IEEE transactions on wireless communications", 1 Abril 2017, vol. 16, núm. 4, p. 2434-2449.
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