Data locality in Hadoop
Document typeMaster thesis
Rights accessOpen Access
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Current market tendencies show the need of storing and processing rapidly growing amounts of data. Therefore, it implies the demand for distributed storage and data processing systems. The Apache Hadoop is an open-source framework for managing such computing clusters in an effective, fault-tolerant way. Dealing with large volumes of data, Hadoop, and its storage system HDFS (Hadoop Distributed File System), face challenges to keep the high efficiency with computing in a reasonable time. The typical Hadoop implementation transfers computation to the data, rather than shipping data across the cluster. Otherwise, moving the big quantities of data through the network could significantly delay data processing tasks. However, while a task is already running, Hadoop favours local data access and chooses blocks from the nearest nodes. Next, the necessary blocks are moved just when they are needed in the given ask. For supporting the Hadoop’s data locality preferences, in this thesis, we propose adding an innovative functionality to its distributed file system (HDFS), that enables moving data blocks on request. In-advance shipping of data makes it possible to forcedly redistribute data between nodes in order to easily adapt it to the given processing tasks. New functionality enables the instructed movement of data blocks within the cluster. Data can be shifted either by user running the proper HDFS shell command or programmatically by other module like an appropriate scheduler. In order to develop such functionality, the detailed analysis of Apache Hadoop source code and its components (specifically HDFS) was conducted. Research resulted in a deep understanding of internal architecture, what made it possible to compare the possible approaches to achieve the desired solution, and develop the chosen one.
DegreeMÀSTER UNIVERSITARI EN INNOVACIÓ I RECERCA EN INFORMÀTICA (Pla 2012)