Detection and classification of structural changes using artificial immune systems and fuzzy clustering
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Among all the elements that are integrated into a structural health monitoring (SHM) system, methods or strategies for damage detection and classification are nowadays playing a key role in enhancing the operational reliability of critical structures in several industrial sectors. The main contribution of this paper is the application of a new methodology to detect and classify structural changes. The methodology is based on: 1) an artificial immune system (AIS) and the notion of affinity is used for the sake of damage detection; 2) a fuzzy c-means algorithm is used for damage classification. One of the advantages of the proposed methodology is the fact that to develop and validate the strategy, a model is not needed. Additionally, and in contrast to standard Lamb waves-based methods, there is no need to directly analyse the complex time-domain traces containing overlapping, multimodal and frequency dispersive wave propagation that distorts the signals and difficult the analysis. The proposed methodology is applied to data coming from two sections of an aircraft skin panel. The results indicate that the proposed methodology is able to accurately detect damage as well as classify those damages.
CitationAnaya, M., Tibaduiza, D.A., Pozo, F. Detection and classification of structural changes using artificial immune systems and fuzzy clustering. "International journal of bio-inspired computation", 1 Gener 2017, vol. 9, núm. 1, p. 35-52.