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dc.contributor.authorManich Bou, Albert M.
dc.contributor.authorCuadros Domènech, Sara
dc.contributor.authorFont Vallès, Joaquim
dc.contributor.authorBacardit Dalmases, Anna
dc.contributor.authorCombalia Cendra, Felip
dc.contributor.authorMarsal Monge, Agustín
dc.contributor.otherEscola d'Enginyeria d'Igualada
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Química
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-10T14:46:30Z
dc.date.issued2017-05-08
dc.identifier.citationManich, A.M., Cuadros Domènech, S., Font Vallès, Joaquim, Bacardit, A., Combalia, F., Marsal , A. Determination of Formaldehyde Content in Leather: EN ISO 17266 Standard. Influence of the Agitation Method Used in the Initial Phase of Formaldehyde Extraction. "Journal of the American Leather Chemists Association", 8 Maig 2017, vol. 112, núm. 5, p. 168-179.
dc.identifier.issn0002-9726
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/104284
dc.description.abstractGiven the carcinogenic character of formaldehyde, it should be reliably determined in any substrate . The EN ISO 17226 Standard is the Official Method to quantify formaldehyde in leather. However, sorne misunderstandings may arise from the practica! conditions given by the Standard for the extraction of formaldehyde. Two agitation methods (magnetic agitation and reciproca! linear agitation), which fulfill the conditions of the Standard, have been used for the extraction of formaldehyde in twenty two samples of wet-blue split leather treated with resins synthesized with formaldehyde and with/without the addition of vegetable compounds. The agitation method influences the formaldehyde content and differences between the agitation methods depend on the formaldehyde resins and vegetable compounds applied. Magnetic agitation leads to formaldehyde contents that are 26% greater than those obtained when the reciproca! linear agitation method is used. Major brands specify allowable limits for formaldehyde content, which depend on the user (adult or babies) and whether the article is i n direct contact with t he skin. A high percentage of disagreement (33.3%) has been observed between the agitation methods in fulfilling the allowable limits. One-third of the formaldehyde content results that fulfilled the allowable limits with the reciproca! linear agitation method failed when the magnetic method was applied . The situation u rges the clarification of the shaking method in the EN ISO 17226 Standard to avoid the high leve! of contradictory results between methods that meet the agitation conditions of the Standard.
dc.format.extent12 p.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria tèxtil
dc.subject.lcshLeather
dc.subject.lcshTanning
dc.subject.lcshFormaldehyde
dc.titleDetermination of Formaldehyde Content in Leather: EN ISO 17266 Standard. Influence of the Agitation Method Used in the Initial Phase of Formaldehyde Extraction
dc.typeArticle
dc.subject.lemacFormaldehid
dc.subject.lemacAdoberia
dc.subject.lemacCuir
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Càtedra A3 ENGIBIO - Càtedra A3 d’Innovació en Cuir, Moda i Tèxtils
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.rights.accessRestricted access - publisher's policy
drac.iddocument20334971
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
dc.date.lift10000-01-01
upcommons.citation.authorManich, A.M., Cuadros Domènech, S., Font Vallès, Joaquim, Bacardit, A., Combalia, F., Marsal , A.
upcommons.citation.publishedtrue
upcommons.citation.publicationNameJournal of the American Leather Chemists Association
upcommons.citation.volume112
upcommons.citation.number5
upcommons.citation.startingPage168
upcommons.citation.endingPage179


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Except where otherwise noted, content on this work is licensed under a Creative Commons license: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain