Triblock copolyesters derived from lactic acid and glucose: synthesis, nanoparticle formation and simulation
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ABA triblock copolyesters were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of l-lactide in solution initiated by a telechelic d-glucose-based polyester macroinitiator. The macroinitiator with a number-average molecular weight about 2500 g mol-1 was synthesized by non-stoichiometric polycondensation in the melt of 2,4:3,5-di-O-methylene-d-glucitol and dimethyl succinate. Two triblock copolyesters of Mn ranging between ~6000 and ~9000 g mol-1, and differing in the length of the polylactide blocks were prepared. These copolyesters started to decompose when heated at ~220 °C and degraded slowly upon aqueous incubation under physiological conditions. They did not display any perceivable crystallinity and showed a single glass transition temperature (Tg) around 60 °C with the higher value corresponding to the larger content in glucitol units. The copolyesters were able to form nanoparticles with average diameters of ~100–130 nm and satisfactory dispersity. The effect of the block lengths on size, ¿-potential values and physical stability of the nanoparticles was evaluated. A molecular dynamics simulation study allowed modelling the two-phase structure of the nanoparticles and evidenced the preference of the glucose-based block to be peripherally located.
CitationZakharova, E., León , S., Martinez de Ilarduya, A., Muñoz, S. Triblock copolyesters derived from lactic acid and glucose: synthesis, nanoparticle formation and simulation. "European polymer journal", 1 Juliol 2017, vol. 92, p. 1-12.