Ionic complexes of poly(gamma-glutamic acid) with alkyltrimethylphosphonium surfactants
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A series of ionic complexes with a comb-like architecture and a nearly stoichiometric composition were prepared from bacterial poly(gamma,dl-glutamic acid) (PGGA) and alkyltrimethyl phosphonium bromides (nATMP·Br) bearing long linear alkyl chains with even numbers of carbon atoms (n) ranging from 12 to 22. The nATMP·PGGA complexes were non-water soluble but readily soluble in organic solvents, and they displayed a high thermal stability. Combined DSC and XRD studies revealed that these complexes adopted an amphiphilic layered structure with the polypeptide chain and the alkyl chain separated in two differentiated phases with a nanoperiodicity that increased steadily with the length of the alkyl chain. The paraffinic phase was found to be partially crystallized in an extent that decreased with n, so that complexes with n = 12 and 14 did not show any sign of crystallinity whereas those with n from 16 to 22 showed crystalline melting in the ~30–70 °C range. The structural transitions taking place by temperature effects were characterized by simultaneous SAXS/WAXS using synchrotron radiation at real time. In all cases, a shortening of the layer periodicity occurred upon heating with recovering of the initial structure after cooling. nATMP·PGGA with n = 16 showed strong antimicrobial activity against both E. coli and S. aureus, a property that could be related to the weak dissociation of the complexes happening upon incubation in water. The structure and properties of these complexes where comparatively discussed taking as reference their analog complexes made from PGGA and alkyltrimethylammonium bromides already studied by us.
CitationGamarra, A., Martinez de Ilarduya, A., Vives, M., Morato, J., Muñoz, S. Ionic complexes of poly(gamma-glutamic acid) with alkyltrimethylphosphonium surfactants. "Polymer", 5 Maig 2017, vol. 116, p. 43-54.