Impedance analysis of harmonic resonance in HVDC connected Wind Power Plants
Tipus de documentProjecte Final de Màster Oficial
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During the last years the development of HVDC connected offshore wind power plants increased. As the first wind farms of this type were commissioned, an unexpected phenomenon occurred. Electrical harmonic resonance in offshore AC grid led to outages of the HVDC transmission system. The thesis introduces the phenomenon and compare different methods of its analysis. The study focuses on harmonic frequencies identification excited through the resonance phenomena between the elements within WPP's inner AC network. The analysis includes observations from three tested topology cases by different methods: frequency sweep and harmonic resonance modal analysis. The comparison is performed for diverse converter models: voltage source based, current source based and nonlinear impedance model obtained by harmonic linearization method. The results of the analysis are verified by the outcome attained in DIgSILENT Power Factory software. The study also includes the stability analysis based on Nyquist criterion and interpreted in Bode diagrams. Furthermore, the result of investigation exposes the clues for possible subsequent implementation of harmonic filters as well as for beneficial control of converters. Feasible measures for resonance mitigation from literature are described and proposed.