Numerical study of impingement location of liquid jet poured from a tilting ladle with lip spout
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European Commisision's projectFLEXICAST - Robust, and FLEXible CAST iron manufacturing (EC-FP7-314540)
A new approach for simulating liquid poured from a tilting lip spout is presented, using neither a dynamic mesh nor the moving solid solution method. In this case only the tilting ladle is moving, so we propose to rotate the gravitational acceleration at an angular velocity prescribed by a geometrical and dynamical calculation to keep the poured flow rate constant. This angular velocity is applied to modify the orientation of the gravity vector in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations using the OpenFOAM® toolbox. Also, fictitious forces are considered. The modified solver is used to calculate the impingement location for six spout geometries and compare the jet dispersion there. This method could offer an inexpensive tool to calculate optimal spout geometries to reduce sprue size in the metal casting industry.
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CitationCastilla, R., Gamez-Montero, P.J., Raush, G., Khamashta, M., Codina-Macia, E. Numerical study of impingement location of liquid jet poured from a tilting ladle with lip spout. "Metallurgical and materials transactions B-Process metallurgy and materials", Abril 2017, vol. 48, núm. 2, p. 1390-1399.