Maximum likelihood time-of-arrival estimation using antenna arrays: Application to global navigation satellite systems
Document typeConference report
Rights accessOpen Access
The problem of estimating the time-of-arrival (TOA) of a known signal in the presence of interferences and multipath propagation is addressed. This problem, is essential in high precision receivers of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems. This paper presents the maximum likelihood TOA estimator when an antenna array is used in the receiver. The desired signal impinges the array with a known direction-of-arrival (DOA) vector, which allows to model all the undesired signal as unknown and arbitrary spatially correlated noise. This simplified model makes only the desired parameters remain in the formulation explicitly, then avoiding complex maximization schemes needed by other models. The fact that estimator is formulated in the frequency domain permits the introduction of the temporal correlation of the noise. Simulation results illustrate the satisfactory performance of the estimator.
CitationSeco, G., Fernandez, J. Maximum likelihood time-of-arrival estimation using antenna arrays: Application to global navigation satellite systems. A: European Signal Processing Conference. "EUSIPCO 1998: Signal processing IX: theories and applications; proceedings of Eusipco-98, Ninth European Signal Processing Conference: Rhodes, Greece: 8-11 September 1998". Rhodes: 1998.