Sea ice detection using GNSS-R data from UK TDS-1
Document typeConference report
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Rights accessOpen Access
This work demonstrates a methodology to detect sea ice presence over the Arctic and Antarctic regions using Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)-Reflectometry (GNSS-R) data obtained with the UK TDS-1 satellite. The algorithm is based on estimating the degree of coherence of the received GNSS reflected waveform or Delay-Doppler Map (DDM). While at open ocean conditions, the scattered signal follows the diffuse scattering model, over flat sea ice it follows the coherent scattering model. In order to measure the degree of coherence of the received waveform or DDM, a correlation with the clean Woodward Ambiguity Function (WAF) is performed. The more similar the received signal is to the WAF, the more coherent is the scattering, and consequently, the more likely a flat sea ice surface is involved. In order to assess the performance of the proposed estimator a probabilistic study based on a Bayesian approach is performed, using the OSISAF Sea Ice Concentration (SIC) maps as ground truth. A probability of detection of 97%, a probability of false alarm of 2%, and a probability of error of 2.5% are the best results obtained for the Arctic region.
CitationAlonso-Arroyo, A., Zavorotny, V.U., Camps, A. Sea ice detection using GNSS-R data from UK TDS-1. A: IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. "2016 IEEE International Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symposium: proceedings: July 10-15, 2016: Beijing, China". Beijing: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, p. 2001-2004.