Performance evaluation of secondary control policies with respect to digital communications properties in inverter-based islanded microgrids
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Rights accessOpen Access
A key challenge for inverted-based microgrids working in islanded mode is to maintain their own frequency and voltage to a certain reference values while regulating the active and reactive power among distributed generators and loads. The implementation of frequency and voltage restoration control policies often requires the use of a digital communication network for real-time data exchange (tertiary control covers the coordi- nated operation of the microgrid and the host grid). Whenever a digital network is placed within the loop, the operation of the secondary control may be affected by the inherent properties of the communication technology. This paper analyses the effect that properties like transmission intervals and message dropouts have for four existing representative approaches to secondary control in a scalable islanded microgrid. The simulated results reveals pros and cons for each approach, and identifies threats that properly avoided or handled in advance can prevent failures that otherwise would occur. Selected experimental results on a low- scale laboratory microgrid corroborate the conclusions extracted from the simulation study.
CitationMarti, P., Velasco, M., Martin, E.X., Garcia de Vicuña, J., Miret, J., Castilla, M. Performance evaluation of secondary control policies with respect to digital communications properties in inverter-based islanded microgrids. "IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid", 12 Setembre 2016.
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