Thermoelectric properties of semiconductor-metal composites produced by particle blending
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Publising LLC
Rights accessOpen Access
European Commisision's projectUNION - Ultra-versatile Nanoparticle Integration into Organized Nanoclusters (EC-FP7-310250)
NANOSOLID - Chemically Engineered Nanocrystal Solids (EC-FP7-306733)
In the quest for more efficient thermoelectric material able to convert thermal to electrical energy and vice versa, composites that combine a semiconductor host having a large Seebeck coefficient with metal nanodomains that provide phonon scattering and free charge carriers are particularly appealing. Here, we present our experimental results on the thermal and electrical transport properties of PbS-metal composites produced by a versatile particle blending procedure, and where the metal work function allows injecting electrons to the intrinsic PbS host. We compare the thermoelectric performance of composites with microcrystalline or nanocrystalline structures. The electrical conductivity of the microcrystalline host can be increased several orders of magnitude with the metal inclusion, while relatively high Seebeck coefficient can be simultaneously conserved. On the other hand, in nanostructured materials, the host crystallites are not able to sustain a band bending at its interface with the metal, becoming flooded with electrons. This translates into even higher electrical conductivities than the microcrystalline material, but at the expense of lower Seebeck coefficient values.
CitationLiu, Y. [et al.]. Thermoelectric properties of semiconductor-metal composites produced by particle blending. "APL Materials", 1 Octubre 2016, vol. 4, núm. 104813, Issue 10.