Luttinger parameter of quasi-one-dimensional para- H2
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We have studied the ground-state properties of para-hydrogen in one dimension and in quasi-one-dimensional configurations using the path-integral ground-state Monte Carlo method. This method produces zero-temperature exact results for a given interaction and geometry. The quasi-one-dimensional setup has been implemented in two forms: the inner channel inside a carbon nanotube coated with H2 and a harmonic confinement of variable strength. Our main result is the dependence of the Luttinger parameter on the density within the stable regime. Going from one dimension to quasi-one dimension, keeping the linear density constant, produces a systematic increase of the Luttinger parameter. This increase is, however, not enough to reach the superfluid regime and the system always remain in the quasicrystal regime, according to Luttinger liquid theory.
CitationFerré, G., Gordillo, M. C., Boronat, J. Luttinger parameter of quasi-one-dimensional para- H2. "Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics", 6 Febrer 2017, vol. 95, núm. 6, p. 1-7.