Evaluation of bone loss in antibacterial coated dental implants: an experimental study in dogs
CovenanteeUniversitat de Barcelona. Departament de Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental; University of Calgary. McCaig Institute for Bone and Joint Health
Rights accessOpen Access
The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vivo effect of antibacterial modified dental implants in the first stages of peri-implantitis. Thirty dental implants were inserted in the mandibular premolar sites of 5 beagle dogs. Sites were randomly assigned to Ti (untreated implants, 10 units), Ti_Ag (silver electrodeposition treatment, 10 units), and Ti_TSP (silanization treatment, 10 units). Coated implants were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, interferometry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Two months after implant insertion, experimental peri-implantitis was initiated by ligature placement. Ligatures were removed 2 months later, and plaque formation was allowed for 2 additional months. Clinical and radiographic analyses were p¬erformed during the study. Implant-tissue samples were prepared for micro computed tomography, backscattered scanning electron microscopy, histomorphometric and histological analyses and ion release measurements. X-ray, SEM and histology images showed that vertical bone resorption in treated implants was lower than in the control group (P < 0.05). This effect is likely due to the capacity of the treatments to reduce bacteria colonization on the implant surface. Histological analysis suggested an increase of peri-implant bone formation on silanized implants. However, the short post-ligature period was not enough to detect differences in clinical parameters among implant groups. Within the limits of this study, antibacterial surface treatments have a positive effect against bone resorption induced by peri-implantitis.
CitationGodoy-Gallardo, M., Manzanares, M., Sevilla, P., Nart, J., Manzanares, N., Manero, J., Gil, J., Boyd, S.K., Rodriguez, D. Evaluation of bone loss in antibacterial coated dental implants: an experimental study in dogs. "Materials science and engineering C. Biomimetic and supramolecular systems", Juliol 2016, vol. 69, p. 538-545.