A family of mixed graphs with large order and diameter 2
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A mixed regular graph is a connected simple graph in which each vertex has both a fixed outdegree (the same indegree) and a fixed undirected degree. A mixed regular graphs is said to be optimal if there is not a mixed regular graph with the same parameters and bigger order. We present a construction that provides mixed graphs of undirected degree qq, directed degree View the MathML sourceq-12 and order 2q22q2, for qq being an odd prime power. Since the Moore bound for a mixed graph with these parameters is equal to View the MathML source9q2-4q+34 the defect of these mixed graphs is View the MathML source(q-22)2-14. In particular we obtain a known mixed Moore graph of order 1818, undirected degree 33 and directed degree 11 called Bosák’s graph and a new mixed graph of order 5050, undirected degree 55 and directed degree 22, which is proved to be optimal.
CitationAraujo-Pardo, G., Balbuena, C., Miller, M., Zdimalova, M. A family of mixed graphs with large order and diameter 2. "Discrete applied mathematics", Febrer 2017, vol. 218, p. 57-63.