Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorBadia, Alba
dc.contributor.authorJorba, Oriol
dc.contributor.authorVoulgarakis, Apostolos
dc.contributor.authorDabdub, Donald
dc.contributor.authorPérez García-Pando, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorHilboll, Andreas
dc.contributor.authorGonçalves Ageitos, María
dc.contributor.authorZavisa, Janjic
dc.contributor.otherBarcelona Supercomputing Center
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria de Projectes i de la Construcció
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-14T14:06:57Z
dc.date.available2017-02-14T14:06:57Z
dc.date.issued2017-02-10
dc.identifier.citationBadia, Alba [et al.]. Description and evaluation of the Multiscale Online Nonhydrostatic AtmospheRe CHemistry model (NMMB-MONARCH) version 1.0: gas-phase chemistry at global scale. "Geoscientific Model Development", 10 Febrer 2017, vol. 10, p. 609-638.
dc.identifier.issn1991-959X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2117/100992
dc.description.abstractThis paper presents a comprehensive description and benchmark evaluation of the tropospheric gas-phase chemistry component of the Multiscale Online Nonhydrostatic AtmospheRe CHemistry model (NMMB-MONARCH), formerly known as NMMB/BSC-CTM, that can be run on both regional and global domains. Here, we provide an extensive evaluation of a global annual cycle simulation using a variety of background surface stations (EMEP, WDCGG and CASTNET), ozonesondes (WOUDC, CMD and SHADOZ), aircraft data (MOZAIC and several campaigns), and satellite observations (SCIAMACHY and MOPITT). We also include an extensive discussion of our results in comparison to other state-of-the-art models. We note that in this study, we omitted aerosol processes and some natural emissions (lightning and volcano emissions). The model shows a realistic oxidative capacity across the globe. The seasonal cycle for CO is fairly well represented at different locations (correlations around 0.3–0.7 in surface concentrations), although concentrations are underestimated in spring and winter in the Northern Hemisphere, and are overestimated throughout the year at 800 and 500 hPa in the Southern Hemisphere. Nitrogen species are well represented in almost all locations, particularly NO2 in Europe (root mean square error – RMSE – below 5 ppb). The modeled vertical distributions of NOx and HNO3 are in excellent agreement with the observed values and the spatial and seasonal trends of tropospheric NO2 columns correspond well to observations from SCIAMACHY, capturing the highly polluted areas and the biomass burning cycle throughout the year. Over Asia, the model underestimates NOx from March to August, probably due to an underestimation of NOx emissions in the region. Overall, the comparison of the modeled CO and NO2 with MOPITT and SCIAMACHY observations emphasizes the need for more accurate emission rates from anthropogenic and biomass burning sources (i.e., specification of temporal variability). The resulting ozone (O3) burden (348 Tg) lies within the range of other state-of-the-art global atmospheric chemistry models. The model generally captures the spatial and seasonal trends of background surface O3 and its vertical distribution. However, the model tends to overestimate O3 throughout the troposphere in several stations. This may be attributed to an overestimation of CO concentration over the Southern Hemisphere leading to an excessive production of O3 or to the lack of specific chemistry (e.g., halogen chemistry, aerosol chemistry). Overall, O3 correlations range between 0.6 and 0.8 for daily mean values. The overall performance of the NMMB-MONARCH is comparable to that of other state-of-the-art global chemistry models.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors wish to thank WOUDC, GAW, EMEP, WDCGG, CASTNET-EPA, NADP and EANET for the provision of measurement stations. The authors acknowledge for the strong support of the European Commission, Airbus, and the Airlines (Lufthansa, Austrian, Air France) who carry free of charge the MOZAIC equipment and perform the maintenance since 1994. MOZAIC is presently funded by INSU-CNRS (France), Meteo-France, and Forschungszentrum (FZJ, Julich, Germany). The MOZAIC database is supported by ETHER (CNES and INSU-CNRS). Also, thanks go to the free use of the MOPITTCO data obtained from the NASA Langley Research Center Atmospheric Science Data Center. SCIAMACHY radiances have been provided by ESA. We also thank Beatriz Monge-Sanz for providing the COPCAT coefficients. This work is funded by grants CGL2013-46736-R, Supercomputación and e-ciencia Project (CSD2007-0050) from the Consolider-Ingenio 2010 program of the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness. Further support was provided by the SEV-2011-00067 grant of the Severo Ochoa Program, awarded by the Spanish Government. Andreas Hilboll received funding from the Earth System Science Research School (ESSReS), an initiative of the Helmholtz Association of German research centres (HGF) at the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research. Carlos Pérez García-Pando acknowledges long-term support from the AXA Research Fund. The authors thankfully acknowledge the computer resources at MareNostrum and the technical support provided by Barcelona Supercomputing Center (RES-AECT-2015-1-0007). Comments from two anonymous reviewers are gratefully acknowledge.
dc.format.extent30 p.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherEuropean Geosciences Union (EGU)
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/es/
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Energies
dc.subject.lcshOzone--Analysis
dc.subject.lcshAerosol
dc.subject.lcshTropospheric aerosols
dc.subject.otherOzone (O3)
dc.subject.otherNMMB-MONARCH
dc.subject.otherOxidative capacity
dc.titleDescription and evaluation of the Multiscale Online Nonhydrostatic AtmospheRe CHemistry model (NMMB-MONARCH) version 1.0: gas-phase chemistry at global scale
dc.typeArticle
dc.subject.lemacTroposfera
dc.subject.lemacOzó atmosfèric
dc.identifier.doi10.5194/gmd-10-609-2017
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.relation.publisherversionhttp://www.geosci-model-dev.net/10/609/2017/
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
local.identifier.drac19707065
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
dc.relation.projectidinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO//CGL2013-46736-R/ES/PREDICCION DE AEROSOLES Y EVALUACION DEL FORZAMIENTO RADIATIVO PARA APLICACIONES METEOROLOGICAS Y CLIMATICAS CON EL MODELO ON-LINE NMMB%2FBSC-CTM/
local.citation.publicationNameGeoscientific Model Development
local.citation.volume10
local.citation.startingPage609
local.citation.endingPage638


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record