A Liouville type result for fractional Schrödinger operators in 1D
Tutor / director / evaluatorCabré Vilagut, Xavier
Document typeMaster thesis
Rights accessOpen Access
The aim of this master's thesis is to obtain an alternative and original proof of a Liouville type result for fractional Schrödinger operators in 1D without using a local extension problem, in the spirit of the recent work of Hamel et al. Thanks to this new proof we can extend the Liouville theorem to other nonlocal operators that do not have a local extension problem, being the first time that a result of this kind is proven. First, we introduce Schrödinger operators, the fractional Laplacian and its local extension problem. Then, we present a recent work about a nonlocal and nonlinear problem, where the prior study of fractional Schrödinger operators is needed. We also present the most important motivation for the study of Liouville type results: the conjecture of De Giorgi, and we review some Liouville type results both with local and nonlocal operators. Finally, we give the proof of the main theorems of the thesis.