Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorNadal, Ana
dc.contributor.authorLlorach Massana, Pere
dc.contributor.authorCuerva Contreras, Eva
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Capel, Elisa
dc.contributor.authorMontero, Juan Ignacio
dc.contributor.authorJosa Garcia-Tornel, Alejandro
dc.contributor.authorRieradevall Pons, Joan
dc.contributor.authorRoyapoor, Mohammad
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria de Projectes i de la Construcció
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Civil i Ambiental
dc.identifier.citationNadal, A., Llorach, P., Cuerva, E., López-Capel, E., Montero, J., Josa, A., Rieradevall, J., Royapoor, M. Building-integrated rooftop greenhouses: an energy and environmental assessment in the mediterranean context. "Applied energy", Febrer 2017, vol. 187, p. 338-351.
dc.description.abstractA sustainable and secure food supply within a low-carbon and resilient infrastructure is encapsulated in several of The United Nations’ 17 sustainable development goals. The integration of urban agriculture in buildings can offer improved efficiencies; in recognition of this, the first south European example of a fully integrated rooftop greenhouse (iRTG) was designed and incorporated into the ICTA-ICP building by the Autonomous University of Barcelona. This design seeks to interchange heat, CO2 and rainwater between the building and its rooftop greenhouse. Average air temperatures for 2015 in the iRTG were 16.5 °C (winter) and 25.79 °C (summer), making the iRTG an ideal growing environment. Using detailed thermophysical fabric properties, 2015 site-specific weather data, exact control strategies and dynamic soil temperatures, the iRTG was modelled in EnergyPlus to assess the performance of an equivalent ‘freestanding’ greenhouse. The validated result shows that the thermal interchange between the iRTG and the ICTA-ICP building has considerable moderating effects on the iRTG’s indoor climate; since average hourly temperatures in an equivalent freestanding greenhouse would have been 4.1 °C colder in winter and 4.4 °C warmer in summer under the 2015 climatic conditions. The simulation results demonstrate that the iRTG case study recycled 43.78 MWh of thermal energy (or 341.93 kWh/m2/yr) from the main building in 2015. Assuming 100% energy conversion efficiency, compared to freestanding greenhouses heated with oil, gas or biomass systems, the iRTG delivered an equivalent carbon savings of 113.8, 82.4 or 5.5 kg CO2(eq)/m2/yr, respectively, and economic savings of 19.63, 15.88 or 17.33 €/m2/yr, respectively. Under similar climatic conditions, this symbiosis between buildings and urban agriculture makes an iRTG an efficient resource-management model and supports the promotion of a new typology or concept of buildings with a nexus or symbiosis between energy efficiency and food production.
dc.format.extent14 p.
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Desenvolupament humà i sostenible::Medi ambient
dc.subject.lcshAgriculture and energy
dc.subject.lcshUrban agriculture
dc.subject.lcshSustainable buildings
dc.subject.otherRooftop greenhouse
dc.subject.otherBuilding performance simulation
dc.subject.otherMeasured energy data
dc.subject.otherEnergy plus
dc.subject.otherEnergy-food nexus
dc.subject.otherBuilding-rooftop greenhouse symbiosis
dc.titleBuilding-integrated rooftop greenhouses: an energy and environmental assessment in the mediterranean context
dc.subject.lemacAgricultura i energia
dc.subject.lemacAgricultura urbana
dc.subject.lemacEdificis sostenibles
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. GRIC - Grup de Recerca i Innovació de la Construcció
dc.contributor.groupUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. MECMAT - Mecànica de Materials
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
dc.description.versionPostprint (published version)
local.citation.authorNadal, A.; Llorach, P.; Cuerva, E.; López-Capel, E.; Montero, J.; Josa, A.; Rieradevall, J.; Royapoor, M.
local.citation.publicationNameApplied energy

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
Except where otherwise noted, content on this work is licensed under a Creative Commons license : Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain