Satellite image georegistration from coast-line codification
PublisherSARTI (Technological Development Centre of Remote Acquisition and Data processing Systems)
Rights accessOpen Access
This paper presents a contour-based approach for automatic image registration in satellite oceanography. Accurate image georegistration is an essential step to increase the eff ectiveness of all the image processing methods that aggregate information from diff erent sources, i.e. applying data fusion techniques. In our approach the images description is based on main contours extracted from coast-line. Each contour is codifi ed by a modifi ed chain-code, and the result is a discrete value sequence. The classical registration techniques were area-based, and the registration was done in a 2D domain (spatial and/or transformed); this approach is feature-based, and the registration is done in a 1D domain (discrete sequences). This new technique improves the registration results. It allows the registration of multimodal images, and the registration when there are occlusions and gaps in the images (i.e. due to clouds), or the registration on images with moderate perspective changes. Finally, it has to be pointed out that the proposed contour-matching technique assumes that a reference image, containing the coastlines of the input image geographical area, is available.