New insights into evaluation of regression models through a decomposition of the prediction errors: application to near-infrared spectral data
PublisherInstitut d'Estadística de Catalunya
Rights accessOpen Access
This paper analyzes the performance of linear regression models taking into account usual criteria such as the number of principal components or latent factors, the goodness of fit or the predictive capability. Other comparison criteria, more common in an economic context, are also considered: the degree of multicollinearity and a decomposition of the mean squared error of the prediction which determines the nature, systematic or random, of the prediction errors. The applications use real data of extra-virgin oil obtained by near-infrared spectroscopy. The high dimensionality of the data is reduced by applying principal component analysis and partial least squares analysis. A possible improvement of these methods by using cluster analysis or the information of the relative maxima of the spectrum is investigated. Finally, obtained results are generalized via cross-validation and bootstrapping.
CitationSánchez Rodríguez, María Isabel [et al.]. New insights into evaluation of regression models through a decomposition of the prediction errors: application to near-infrared spectral data. "SORT", vol. 37, núm. 1, p. 57-78.