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dc.contributor.authorIrawati, Miya
dc.contributor.authorWinaktoe, Wied Wiwoho
dc.identifier.citationIrawati, Miya; Winaktoe, Wied Wiwoho. Developing water-related tourism for infrastructure and economic development: case study on Kali Banger, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. A: Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism. "6th Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU): TOURBANISM, Barcelona, 25-27 gener". Barcelona: IFoU, 2012, p. 1-10.
dc.description.abstractKali Banger is a river located in the City of Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. This project is a protection measures from river and oceanic tidal-flood by making polder system. This area was selected as a pilot of polder development, cooperation between Republic Indonesia and Dutch Government, in year 2003-2004 then has been carrying on several stages of development afterwards. The Operation and Maintenance (O&M) costs of polder system will require contribution from household (hh) of IDR 70,000/year/hh (≈8.2 USD/year/hh) or IDR 6,000/month/hh (≈0.7 USD/month/hh). The question of affordability arises from the figures that (a) 48% of population are below poverty line indicating 48% population having no budget for O&M except for daily sustenance, (b) 80% population works in informal sectors indicating irregular income hence risk of unstable supply for O&M costs, (c) only 8% population have degree from higher education confirming the two former conditions and indicating the barrier for entering the formal sector. This research aims at (1) explaining the necessity to incorporate water-related tourism as an economic generator in water-based infrastructure development, (2) how to utilize the existing system to reach the designed condition, and (3) the important principles of this sort of strategy. Methodology being used is policy analysis combined with Local Economic Development (LED) analysis. Research finds, in general, that (1) water-related tourism (water-based attractions incorporated with productsfrom small medium enterprises) can draw investment hence giving bigger opportunity to increase affordability to finance infrastructure, (2) the system of Kelompok Swadaya Masyarakat (Self-Sufficient Community Group) andBadan Keswadayaan Masyarakat (Self-Sufficient Community Board) are able to be used as tools to create institutional framework for integrating environmental protection (river quality)-infrastructure (polder)- economic development (household saving and O&M costs), (3) integrating of all developmental sectors into single management is key principle to lead community, governmental, private towards the balance of economic and development.
dc.format.extent10 p.
dc.publisherInternational Forum on Urbanism
dc.publisherEscola Técnica Superior d'Arquitectura de Barcelona
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Forum on Urbanism. Conference (6a: 2012: Barcelona)
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Spain
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Urbanisme::Aspectes socials
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Desenvolupament humà i sostenible::Desenvolupament humà
dc.subject.lcshTourist trade and city planning -- Indonesia -- Semarang
dc.subject.lcshDikes (Engineering) -- Indonesia -- Semarang
dc.subject.lcshCommunity development -- Indonesia -- Semarang
dc.titleDeveloping water-related tourism for infrastructure and economic development: case study on Kali Banger, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
dc.typeConference report
dc.subject.lemacTurisme i urbanisme -- Indonesia -- Semarang
dc.subject.lemacDics -- Indonesia -- Semarang
dc.subject.lemacDesenvolupament comunitari -- Indonesia -- Semarang
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer Reviewed
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
upcommons.citation.authorIrawati, Miya; Winaktoe, Wied Wiwoho
upcommons.citation.contributorConference of the International Forum on Urbanism
upcommons.citation.publicationName6th Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU): TOURBANISM, Barcelona, 25-27 gener

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