Accuracy evaluation of probabilistic location methods in UWB-RFID systems
Document typeMaster thesis
Rights accessOpen Access
The present project is focused on investigating the achievable accuracy of classical location methods commonly used in wireless and proposing an alternative location method based on combining two of them. The first part of the project studies the advantages and disadvantages of extending Ultra Wideband and Radiofrequency Identification technologies on some classical location methods. As a result of the study and with the goal of improving accuracy in indoor radio propagation channels, the Received Strength Signal-based location method and the Time Difference Of Arrival-based location method are selected to be combined in the alternative location method, including the proper channel models. This combined location method takes advantage of the virtues of each location method and combines information in order to improve the estimation of one target's position when locating in indoor channel. The second part of the project is devoted to analyse and simulate the modified RSS, TDOA and Combined location methods, considering the randomness of a real multipath fading channel. Results show that the Combined location method performs always the best accuracy. Specifically in analytical study, the combined location method provides a deterministic error of 24 cm which represents an improvement of 54% and 15% of the RSS and TDOA accuracies respectively. In the simulated study, results show that it is able to improve the accuracy up to 46% and 85% of the RSS and TDOA respectively in specific evaluated points.