Load balancing control of a server network cluster
Tutor / director / evaluatorAlbea, Carolina
Document typeBachelor thesis
Rights accessOpen Access
Faced with increasing network services and number of users, requests to the servers at those sites has signi cally skyrocketed. Moreover, most of these servers need to run twenty-four hours a day, 7 days a week with a high reliability and availability. Consequently, the tremendous growth of the Internet has led the requirement of multiserver structures in order to deal with these e ectiveness issues. A much higher processing power may be provided by a set of computational elements than by a single one, even if it presents a powerful capacity. Additionally, the global system throughput may greatly increase by using properly these architectures. However, to make an e cient server network is a di cult task. This is the main goal of this dissertation. E ciency may be increased if server network works in cooperation, distributing the load. This is known as "load balancing". This technique may make that network is robust and e cient, that means, overload are avoided at the same time that system resources are well exploited. Assuming that all servers present a same architecture, a deterministic dynamical model is designed and a distributed control law inspired by consensus theory is developed. In this way, the closed-loop ensures load balancing as well as asymptomatically stability. Moreover, thanks to decentralized control, computational load is reduced and scalability is possible. On the other hand, an attraction domain is estimated to ensure positive rates. The e ectiveness of the distributed control is validated by simulations in Matlab & Simulink and Network Simulator 2.