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dc.contributorFernández Aguado, Enrique
dc.contributor.authorTodeschini, Yann
dc.contributor.otherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Ciència dels Materials i Enginyeria Metal·lúrgica
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-30T19:04:16Z
dc.date.available2014-04-30T19:04:16Z
dc.date.issued2014-02
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2099.1/21305
dc.description.abstractCeramic bone cements, mainly calcium phosphate based, represent an alternative to the polymeric cements used in Vertebroplasty. Unfortunately, calcium phosphate bone cements, which are made from mixing solid powder and liquid phase, can be affected by press-filtering. This favours liquid phase migration out of the syringe during the cement injection and, consequently, the liquid-to-powder ratio of the remaining cement in the syringe increases. This finally led to unavailable higher injection extrusion pressure. The objectives of the present project were: a) to review the state of the art; and b) to compute the problem of press-filtering. Two models have been implemented. The first, in MATLAB®, was treated as a convection-diffusion problem adapted to the flow of liquid phase in the cement and solved by finite volume differences. The second, in COMSOL®, was an Euler-Euler particle/fluid flow approach. The project ends with a survey of possible methods that could be used in the laboratory to obtain the different coefficients which are needed for the computation; other suitable tests to investigate the cement behaviour during its extrusion are also referred.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherUniversitat Politècnica de Catalunya
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Enginyeria biomèdica::Biomaterials
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Ciències de la salut::Medicina::Anatomia i fisiologia humana
dc.subjectÀrees temàtiques de la UPC::Informàtica::Aplicacions de la informàtica::Bioinformàtica
dc.subject.lcshBone cements
dc.subject.lcshBiomedical materials
dc.subject.lcshTissue engineering
dc.subject.lcshCalcium phosphate
dc.titleComputation of liquid phase migration occurring during the injection of cement materials
dc.typeMaster thesis (pre-Bologna period)
dc.subject.lemacCiments ossis
dc.subject.lemacBiomaterials
dc.subject.lemacEnginyeria de teixits
dc.subject.lemacFosfat de calci
dc.rights.accessOpen Access
dc.audience.educationlevelEstudis de primer/segon cicle
dc.audience.mediatorEscola Tècnica Superior d'Enginyeria Industrial de Barcelona
dc.audience.degreeENGINYERIA DE MATERIALS (TITULACIÓ CONJUNTA AMB LA UB) (Pla 2003)


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