Biomass situation in Catalonia
Tutor / director / evaluatorAntti Oksanen
Document typeMaster thesis (pre-Bologna period)
Rights accessRestricted access - author's decision
The present thesis gives a wide look at the current situation of biomass as a renewable energy, getting in depth in the particular situation of this energy source in Catalonia, a Spanish region located in the north-east of the country. It is structured so that the first chapters give a broad explanation about what is biomass, in order to clarify the main topic of the thesis to the reader. It is quite common nowadays to hear about renewable energies and therefore about biomass, but it is not always true that everybody knows exactly what this term refers to. In addition to the general description of the energetic source, different classifications are given, as well as the diverse causes why it is considered a renewable energy, and consequently the advantages that is has compared to the fossil resources. After this initial general clarification, the chapters get deeper in the topic. The different technologies which can be used to obtain energy from biomass are enlightened, paying special attention to those technological processes which are mainly used in Catalonia; they are the physicochemical transformations. It includes the conditioning activities which make possible an energetic use of biomass, plus the techniques themselves which convert biomass into energy. Then, the issue converges to Catalonia, beginning with a quick account of the European and Spanish biomass state, referred to the political situation (political plans and actions taken in order to stimulate the use of biomass) and the evolution of biomass use along last years. Next, the detailed view of the situation in Catalonia is given. This is similar to the explanation given about Europe and Spain, but getting further into the circumstances in there. Finally, biomass existences in the Catalan forests, different types of soil found in the region, diverse treatments given to biomass, and the main energetic applications of biomass, such as power plants or domestic hot water grids, are explained.
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