Now showing items 1-20 of 27

    • A review of pelvic fractures in adult pedestrians: Experimental studies involving PMHS used to determine injury criteria for pedestrian dummies and component test procedures 

      Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Kerrigan, Jason; Sánchez Molina, David; Velázquez Ameijide, Juan; Crandall, Jeff R. (CRC Press. Taylor & Francies Group, 2015-01-01)
      Article
      Open Access
      Objectives: Perform a systematic review for the most relevant pelvic injury research involving PMHS. The review begins with an explanation of the pelvic anatomy and a general description of pelvic fracture patterns followed ...
    • A stochastic model for soft tissue failure using acoustic emission data 

      Sánchez Molina, David; Martínez González, Eva; Velázquez Ameijide, Juan; Llumà Fuentes, Jordi; Rebollo Soria, María Carmen; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos (2015-07-15)
      Article
      Open Access
      The strength of soft tissues is due mainly to collagen fibers. In most collagenous tissues, the arrangement of the fibers is random, but has preferred directions. The random arrangement makes it difficult to make deterministic ...
    • Aplicación de la emisión acústica como método para anticipar el fallo de tejidos colaginosos (1ª parte) 

      García Vilana, Silvia; Martínez González, Eva; Sánchez Molina, David; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Velázquez Ameijide, Juan; Llumà Fuentes, Jordi; Rebollo Soria, María Carmen (2016-07-01)
      Article
      Open Access
      Se usa un montaje experimental basado en Emisión Acústica (EA) para detectar la energía elástica liberada durante el proceso de tracción y rotura de tejidos colaginosos. Se localizan las señales y se cuenta el número de ...
    • Aplicación de la emisión acústica como método para participar el fallo de tejidos colaginosos (2a parte) 

      García Vilana, Silvia; Martínez González, Eva; Sánchez Molina, David; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Velázquez Ameijide, Juan; Llumà Fuentes, Jordi; Rebollo Soria, María Carmen (2016-10-01)
      Article
      Open Access
    • Assessment of pedestrian head impact dynamics in small sedan and large SUV collisions 

      Kerrigan, Jason; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Crandall, Jeff (2012-03-27)
      Article
      Restricted access - publisher's policy
      This study compares head impact dynamics between post-mortem human surrogates (PMHS) and the Polar-II pedestrian crash dummy in vehicle–pedestrian impacts with a small sedan and a large sports utility vehicle (SUV). A total ...
    • Axial injury tolerance of the clavicle and the effect of age and gender 

      Zhang, Qi; Kerrigan, Jason; Kindig, Matt; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; duprey, sonia; Crandall, Jeff R. (2013)
      Conference report
      Open Access
      Although clavicle biomechanical response under axial loading was studied by a number of researchers, no injury criteria has been established. An injury criterion could help interpret the results from ...
    • Biomecánica y mecanismo de producción del traumatismo cráneo-encefálico en el peatón atropellado. Evaluación de la normativa actual en la automoción 

      Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Rebollo-Soria, M. Carmen; Sánchez Molina, David; Velázquez Ameijide, Juan; Teijeira, Rafael (2016-04-04)
      Article
      Open Access
      Introducción Los atropellos son una de las principales causas de muerte entre los accidentes de tráfico. Recientemente, ha aumentado el estudio de los atropellos, principalmente debido a la aplicación de la normativa ...
    • Comparison of kinematics of GHBMC to PMHS on the side impact condition 

      Park, Gwansik; Kim, Taewung; Crandall, Jeff R.; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Luzón Narro, Benito Javier (2013)
      Conference lecture
      Open Access
      The goal of this study was to evaluate the biofidelity of the Global Human Body Models Consortium (GHBMC) human body model under a side impact loading condition with an airbag, and analyze the effect of initial position ...
    • Diseño de un muleto para protección de peatones, influencia de los diferentes elementos estructurales asociados al impacto de cabeza en la zona de tablero 

      Hurtado Artozón, Mario; Luzón Narro, Benito Javier; Rodriguez-Perdices, Javier; Trullols, Roger; Puttenstein, Henrico; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos (2014)
      Conference lecture
      Open Access
      El diseño de un vehículo requiere múltiples fases de experimentación con vehículos físicos completos, esta experimentación se torna compleja en las fases iniciales, dada la carencia de piezas físicas y carrocerías completas. ...
    • Epidemiology of injuries sustained by rear-seat passengers in frontal motor vehicle crashes 

      Bose, Dipan; Crandall, Jeff R.; Forman, Jason; Longhitano, Douglas; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos (2017-03-01)
      Article
      Open Access
      Advanced occupant protection systems in motor-vehicles (e.g., seat belts and airbags), while widely adopted for front-seat passengers, are either absent or offer disproportionally lower safety to rear-seat passengers in ...
    • Estudio de la frecuencia de ocurrencia de accidentes de tráfico mediante procesos estocásticos de Pascal-Pólya 

      Sánchez Molina, David; García Vilana, Silvia; Velázquez Ameijide, Juan; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos (Sociedad Ibérica de Biomecánica y Biomateriales, 2018)
      Article
      Open Access
      Objetivo: (1) Plantear un modelo estocástico adecuado para la frecuencia de accidentes, que permita analizar tanto la peligrosidad, como la exposición al riesgo. (2) Introducir los conceptos de macroaccidentalidad y ...
    • Full scale pedestrian impact testing with PMHS: A pilot study 

      Kerrigan, Jason; Kam, check; Drinkwater, Cris; Murphy, Dru; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Millington, Steve; Teresinski, Gregor; Bolton, Jim; Crandall, Jeff R.; Deng, Bing; Wang, J; Kerkeling, C; Hahn, W (2004)
      Conference report
      Open Access
      The complexity of vehicle-pedestrian collisions necessitates extensive validation of pedestrian computational models. While body components can be individually simulated, overall validation of human pedestrian models ...
    • Influence of anthopometric variables on the mechanical properties of human rib cortical bone 

      Velázquez Ameijide, Juan; García Vilana, Silvia; Sánchez Molina, David; Martínez González, Eva; Llumà Fuentes, Jordi; Rebollo-Soria, M. Carmen; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos (Institute of Physics (IOP), 2021-05-01)
      Article
      Restricted access - publisher's policy
      Objective. The mechanical properties of ribs from a large number of post-mortem human subjects (PMHS) were analyzed to search for variation according to age, sex or BMI in the sample. A large sample of specimens from ...
    • Injury pattern in lethal motorbikes-pedestrian collisions, in the area of Barcelona, Spain 

      Rebollo-Soria, M. Carmen; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Sánchez Molina, David; Velázquez Ameijide, Juan; Galtés Vicente, Ignasi (2016-08-03)
      Article
      Open Access
      Introduction: There are several studies about M1 type vehicle-pedestrian collision injury pattern, and based on them, there has been several changes in automobiles for pedestrian protection. However, the lack of sufficient ...
    • Innovative passive and active countermeasures for near side crash safety 

      Luzón Narro, Benito Javier; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Hernando, Luis M.; Core, Emiliano; Narbona, Alberto; Selgas, Carlos (2012)
      Conference lecture
      Open Access
      This research presents six simultaneous innovative occupant near side lateral impact protection concepts including a dynamic door, high-volume side airbag, a large external airbag that covers doors, sill and B-pillar of ...
    • Kinematics of the unrestrained vehicle occupants in side-impact crashes 

      Yasuki, Tsuyoshi; Kamiji, Koichi; Ono, Koshiro; Riley, P; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Purtserov, S; Parent, D; Lessley, D; Shaw, G; Crandall, J; Takayama, Shinichi (CRC Press. Taylor & Francies Group, 2012-03-29)
      Article
      Restricted access - publisher's policy
      A test series involving direct right-side impact of a moving wall on unsupported, unrestrained cadavers with no arms was undertaken to better understand human kinematics and injury mechanisms during side impact at realistic ...
    • La epidemiología como herramienta de estudio para la prevención de lesiones por accidente de tráfico (Parte 1) 

      Luzón Narro, Benito Javier; Seguí Gómez, María; López Valdés, Francisco; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos (2006-01-01)
      Article
      Restricted access - publisher's policy
      [...]En el presente artículo se resumen algunos de los aspectos y se comenta acerca de la reciente creación en todo el mundo de equipos multidisciplinares que realizan de manera sistemática investigaciones “en profundidad” ...
    • La epidemiología como herramienta de estudio para la prevención de lesiones por accidente de tráfico (Parte 2) 

      Luzón Narro, Benito Javier; Seguí Gómez, María; López Valdés, Francisco; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos (2006-03-01)
      Article
      Restricted access - publisher's policy
      Clasificación de la gravedad de las lesiones; Investigación de los accidentes "en profundidad".
    • New insights in the analysis of blunt force trauma in human bones. Preliminary results 

      Scheirs, Sarah; Malgosa, Assumpció; Sánchez Molina, David; Ortega-Sánchez, Marisa; Velázquez Ameijide, Juan; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Medallo-Muñiz, Jordi; Galtés Vicente, Ignasi (2017-01-10)
      Article
      Open Access
      Determining the time of injury is an important but still a challenging task in forensic anthropology. In literature, many descriptions can be found to make a distinction between perimortem and postmortem fractures. Char ...
    • Pedestrian injury analysis: field data vs. laboratory experiments 

      Kerrigan, Jason; Arregui Dalmases, Carlos; Foster, Jon; Crandall, Jeff; Rizzo, Anne (2012)
      Conference report
      Restricted access - author's decision
      This study aims to present all of the injuries sustained by 17 post-mortem human surrogates(PMHS)tested in vehicle-pedestrian impact experiments and explore the injuries, their sources, mechanisms and clinical relevance ...