Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU)
TOURbanISM-toURBANISM is the title of the 6th Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism that took place in Barcelona from January 25th to 27th, 2012, at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Barcelona Tech (UPC).
The Barcelona School of Architecture (ETSAB) in collaboration with the Municipality of Barcelona, the Provincial Government of Barcelona, Casa Asia and the other participating universities of the IFoU network have organized the conference within the framework of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU).
Tourism is one of the leading global economic activities. According to the 2009 Edition of the “International Tourism Overview”, published by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), its direct contribution to the global economy is estimated in 5%, ranging from 2% in the most developed countries to 10% in those that strongly rely on this sector. In 2008 global revenues generated by tourism, including transport of passengers, were about 3.000 million dollars, and its contribution to employment is estimated around 7% of the working population.
The amount of tourists has grown continuously since the middle of last century, from 25 million in 1950 to 922 in 2008. For 2020 the UNWTO foresees that the number of tourists will reach 1.600 million. Despite the changing trends that occurred from the second half of 2008 to the date, due to the global economic crisis (financial crisis, rising oil and raw materials prices, and sharp fluctuations in exchange rates) the sector growth has not ceased. In 2010 the UNWTO estimates a 4% increase in the number of tourists.
Over the last fifty years the global economy experienced several serious crisis and tourism has always proved to be a very strong economic sector. The current crisis has not significantly affected tourism. Consequently it has become the economic hope of many countries affected by the decline of economies based on raw materials or small profit industrial activities.
The map of the main tourism destinations has remained quite stable for many years. Europe is the largest and most mature destination in the world. 53% of tourists and 50% of revenues concentrate in this continent. The U.S. market (15.9% of tourists and 19.9% of revenues in 2008), that remains stable thanks to the domestic market, has been overtaken by Asia (20% of arrivals and 21,8% of revenues), that appears as an emerging area. Africa and Middle East are the two destinations with highest growth rates, although their absolute weight is relatively small.
Over the years tourism becomes a major engine that has transformed cities and territories, and an economic and social development bid for several countries. The aim of the 6th International Forum on Urbanism -IFoU- Conference is to reflect on tourism and especially on the changing processes as well as the instruments, plans, projects and strategies that arise in relation to it.
Tourism: Evolution and recent trends
A. From tourism as a social conquest to new types of tourism
B. World tourism trends (categories, destinations...)
Evaluation of "mature" tourist destinations
C. Impacts of tourism development
D. The recycling of the tourist areas
Potential of post-industrial territories
E. The recycling of historical tourism
F. The new holiday tourism. Tourism and economic development
Towards a new paradigm
G. Cultural tourism in "weak institutional contexts"
H. Responsible Tourism
I. Architecture, urbanism and tourism
For more information: http://tourbanism.ifou.org/
Recorded videos can be watched at the Videoteca http://upcommons.upc.edu/video/handle/2099.2/2815