This paper presents the theory, design procedure, and implementation of a dual-band planar quadrature hybrid with enhanced bandwidth. The topology of the circuit is a three-branch-line (3-BL) quadrature hybrid, which provides much larger flexibility to allocate the desired operating frequencies and necessary bandwidths than other previously published configurations. A performance comparison with other dual-band planar topologies is presented. Finally, a 3-BL quadrature hybrid for dual band (2.4 and 5 GHz) wireless local area network systems was fabricated, aimed to cover the bands corresponding to the standards IEEE802.11a/b. The measurements show a 16% and 18% bandwidth for the lower and upper frequency, respectively, satisfying and exceeding the bandwidth requirements for the above standards.
CitationCollado, C.; Grau, A.; De Flaviis, F. Dual-band planar quadrature hybrid with enhanced bandwidth response. IEEE Transactions on microwave theory and techniques, 2006, vol. 54, núm. 1, p.180-188.
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