Recent studies have focused on the women who were engaged in scientific
research, an area traditionally considered a male preserve. The fact that astronomy in
the XVII and XVIII centuries was often a family activity meant that the women in the
family (wives, mothers, sisters and even neighbours) participated in observations and
calculations. This is the case of Lalande, who was assisted by women. In his book
l’Astronomie des dames, which was written to educate women, Lalande reported his
last astronomical discoveries in which he had taken part directly.