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The phenomenon of swelling in tunnels excavated through sulphate-bearing rock is
quite frequent in some geological formations. The paper describes the case of the Lilla tunnel excavated in anhydritic-gypsiferous of Eocene age. Very large swelling displacements were observed affecting the first few meters below the tunnel inverts. In the paper, a fully coupled hydro-mechanical and chemical analysis is presented that takes into account the dissolution and precipitation of the anhydrite-gypsum chemical system and their associated hydraulic and mechanical effects. The analysis provide a better understanding of the swelling ground phenomena and offer a firmer foundation
for taking engineering decisions concerning mitigating measures.
CitationBerdugo, I. [et al.]. HMC analysis of a tunnel in swelling rock. A: International Conference on Computational Methods in Tunnelling. "2nd International Conference on Computational Methods in Tunnelling". Bochum: AEDIFICATIO PUBLISHERS, 2009, p. 477-483.
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