Voltage source converters (VSCs) are highly vulnerable to DC fault current; thus, protection is one of the most important concerns associated with the implementation of multi-terminal VSC-based DC networks. This paper proposes a protection strategy for medium voltage DC (MVDC) distribution systems. The strategy consists of a communication-assisted fault location method and a fault isolation scheme that provides an economic, fast and selective protection by means of using the minimum number of DC circuit breakers (DCCBs). This paper also introduces a backup protection which is activated if communication network fails. The effectiveness of the proposed protection strategy is analyzed through real-time simulation studies by use of the hardware in the loop (HIL) approach. Furthermore, the effects of fault isolation process on the connected loads are also investigated. The results show that the proposed strategy can effectively protect multi-terminal DC distribution networks and VSC stations against different types of faults.
CitationMonadi, M., Koch-Ciobotaru, C., Luna, A., Candela, J., Rodriguez, P. Multi-terminal MVDC grids fault location and isolation. "IET generation, transmission and distribution", 28 Juny 2016.
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