Structure and reorientational dynamics of 1-F-adamantane
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The polymorphism and the dynamics of a simple rigid molecule (1-fluoro-adamantane) have been studied by means of X-ray powder diffraction and broadband dielectric spectroscopy. At temperatures below the melting point, the molecule forms an orientationally disordered Phase I with a cubic-centered structure (Phase I, Fm (3) over barm, Z = 4). This phase possesses eight equilibrium positions for the fluorine atom, with equal occupancy factors of 1/8. A solid-solid phase transition to a low-temperature tetragonal phase (Phase II, P (4) over bar2(1)c, Z = 2) reduces the statistical disorder to only four possible equivalent sites for the fluorine atom, with fractional occupancies of 1/4. The dynamics has been rationalized under the constraints imposed by the space group of the crystal structure determined by powder X-ray diffraction. The dielectric spectroscopy study reveals that the statistical disorder in Phase II is dynamic in character and is associated with reorientational jumps along the two-and three-fold axes. In the dielectric loss spectra, the cooperative (alpha) relaxation exhibits a shoulder on the high-frequency side. This remarkable finding clearly reveals the existence of two intrinsic reorientational processes associated with the exchange of the F atom along the four sites. In addition to such
CitationBen Hassine, B., Negrier, P., Romanini, M., Del Barrio, M., Macovez, R., Kallel, A., Mondieig, D., Tamarit, J. Ll. Structure and reorientational dynamics of 1-F-adamantane. "Physical chemistry chemical physics", 17 Març 2016, vol. 18, núm. 16, p. 10924-10930.