Region-based representations of image and video: segmentation tools for multimedia services
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This paper discusses region-based representations of image and video that are useful for multimedia services such as those supported by the MPEG-4 and MPEG-7 standards. Classical tools related to the generation of the region-based representations are discussed. After a description of the main processing steps and the corresponding choices in terms of feature spaces, decision spaces, and decision algorithms, the state of the art in segmentation is reviewed. Mainly tools useful in the context of the MPEG-4 and MPEG-7 standards are discussed. The review is structured around the strategies used by the algorithms (transition based or homogeneity based) and the decision spaces (spatial, spatio-temporal, and temporal). The second part of this paper proposes a partition tree representation of images and introduces a processing strategy that involves a similarity estimation step followed by a partition creation step. This strategy tries to find a compromise between what can be done in a systematic and universal way and what has to be application dependent. It is shown in particular how a single partition tree created with an extremely simple similarity feature can support a large number of segmentation applications: spatial segmentation, motion estimation, region-based coding, semantic object extraction, and region-based retrieval.
CitationSalembier, P., Marques, F. Region-based representations of image and video: segmentation tools for multimedia services. "IEEE transactions on circuits and systems for video technology", Desembre 1999, vol. 9, núm. 8, p. 1147-1169.