Receiver specifications of the MIRAS demonstrator
Document typeConference report
PublisherSPIE The International Society for Optical Engineering
Rights accessOpen Access
Improved weather forecast and climate monitoring rely on a better quantification of soil moisture (SM) and sea surface salinity (SSS). The most accurate way to measure them from remote sensors is by using radiometers at L band, where the sensitivity of the brightness temperature is maximum and the atmosphere is almost transparent. In order to provide a global coverage of these basic parameters within a revisit time of 3 days and 30-50 Km spatial resolution, the SMOS mission was recently selected by ESA in the frame of the Earth Explorer Opportunity Missions. The sensor being considered for this mission (called MIRAS) uses the concept of 2D interferometric radiometrey, and is scheduled to be launched in 2005. A demonstrator consisting of a number of receivers is now under development by CASA (E) by contract with ESA. This work presents the block diagram of a single receiver chain in the SMOS instrument and its main requirements in terms of mission tradeoffs.
CitationTorres, F., Corbella, I., Camps, A., Bara, F., Duffo, N., Vall-llossera, M., Borges, A. Receiver specifications of the MIRAS demonstrator. A: Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites. "Proceedings of SPIE 4169: Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites IV". Barcelona: SPIE The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2000, p. 291-298.