Assessment of grape yield and composition using reflectance-based indices in rainfed vineyards
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In rainfed vineyards water deficits play a major role in determining berry yield and composition. Therefore, reliable indicators of vine water status might be of great value for the optimization of grape yield and quality. In the present study the feasibility of using hyperspectral reflectance indices related to plant biophysical properties at predicting berry yield and quality attributes in rainfed vineyards is assessed. The study was conducted on Vitis vinifera cv. Chardonnay in commercial vineyards in the D.O. Penedès region (Catalonia, Spain) over two consecutive years (2007–2008). Field measurements of fractional intercepted Photosynthetic Active Radiation (fIPAR), canopy reflectance, predawn water potential (¿p) and the canopy to air temperature difference at midday (¿Tmidday) were conducted at the stage of veraison. Yield, Total Soluble Solids (TSS), Titratable Acidity (TA) and the ratio TSS/TA (maturation index, IMAD) were determined at harvest. Contrasted water availability among vineyards prompted considerable variation in berry yield and quality attributes. Across years, higher yield was accompanied by higher TA (r = 0.59, p < 0.01) and lower IMAD (r = - 0.63, p < 0.01) while no significant relationship was observed between yield and TSS.
CitacióSerrano, L., González-Flor, C., Gorchs, G. Assessment of grape yield and composition using reflectance-based indices in rainfed vineyards. "Agronomy journal", 16 Maig 2014, vol. 118, núm. 15, p. 1309-1316.