Turbulent flow around a square cylinder at Reynolds number 22,000: A DNS study
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The turbulent flow around a square cylinder at Reynolds number 22,000 (based on the cylinder diameter and the inflow velocity) is studied by means of direct numerical simulation. An overview of the numerical methods and the methodology used to verify the simulation is presented with special emphasis to determine the proper domain size and time-integration period. Then, the time-averaged flow results and turbulent statistics are discussed together with available experimental data showing a fairly good agreement. Finally, frequency analysis of velocity samples is used to analyze both the Kelvin-Helmholtz vortical structures produced by the flow separation at the leading edge of the cylinder and the Von Karman vortex shedding in the wake region. The former are observed more downstream compared with the experiments suggesting that transition to turbulence may occur later. However, comparison of the turbulent statistics in the near wall region indicates that transition is being well captured.
CitationTrias, F. X., Gorobets, A., Oliva, A. Turbulent flow around a square cylinder at Reynolds number 22,000: A DNS study. "Computers and fluids", 21 Desembre 2015, vol. 123, p. 87-98.