The analysis of markets with indivisible goods and fixed exogenous prices has played an important role in economic models, especially in relation to wage rigidity and unemployment. This paper provides a novel mathematical programming based approach to study pure exchange economies where discrete amounts of commodities are exchanged at fixed prices. Barter processes, consisting in sequences of elementary reallocations of couple of commodities among couples of agents, are formalized as local searches converging to equilibrium allocations. A direct application of the analysed processes in the context of computational economics is provided, along with a Java implementation of the described approaches.
CitacióNasini, S., Castro, J., Fonseca, P. A mathematical programming approach for different scenarios of bilateral bartering. "SORT: statistics and operations research transactions", 01 Gener 2015, vol. 39, núm. 1, p. 85-108.