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We study a geometric Ramsey type problem where the vertices of the complete graph Kn are placed on a set S of n points in general position in the plane, and edges are drawn as straight-line segments. We define the empty convex polygon Ramsey number REC (k, k) as the smallest number n such that for every set S of n points and for every two-coloring of the edges of Kn drawn on S, at least one color class contains an empty convex k-gon. A polygon is empty if it contains no points from S in its interior. We prove 17 ≤ REC (3, 3) ≤ 463 and 57 ≤ REC (4, 4). Further, there are three-colorings of the edges of Kn (drawn on a set S) without empty monochromatic triangles. A related Ramsey number for islands in point sets is also studied.
CitacióBautista-Santiago, C., Cano, J., Fabila-Monroy, R., Hidalgo-Toscano, C., Huemer, C., Leaños, J., Sakai, T., Urrutia, J. Ramsey numbers for empty convex polygons. A: European Workshop on Computational Geometry. "European Workshop on Computational Geometry EuroCG 2015". University of Ljubljana, 2015, p. 169-171.