The effects of wave breaking on sediment transport are studied through a new series of mobile-bed experiments in a large-scale wave flume. During the campaign, one experiment involving detailed sand transport process measurements was repeated at 12 different cross-shore location. This procedure allows studying of the cross-shore variation of sand transport processes along the breaking zone. Starting from an initially 1:10 slope followed by a horizontal test section, a breaker bar developed in the breaking region as a result of onshore transport pre-breaking and offshore transport post-breaking. Near-bed suspended sediment fluxes were directed offshore along the complete test section, suggesting that the onshore transport pre-breaking is mainly attributed to bedload. The offshore suspended flux was the sum of an onshore wave-driven component and an offshore current-driven component. The wave-driven contribution to total suspended transport rates seems significant mainly before the breaking point where they account for ~30% of total suspended transport fluxes.
CitationVan der Zanden, J., Van Der A, D., Ribberink, J., O'Donoghue, T., Hurther, D., Caceres, I., Thorne, P.D. Sand and transport process measurements under large-scale breaking waves. A: Coastal Sediments. "The Proceedings of the Coastal Sediments 2015". San Diego, CA: 2015, p. 1-14.
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